Basic phrases

Here are some basic Danish phrases which you can use in everyday conversation, as well as some common words you will see on signs.

jayes
nejno
måskemaybe
vær venlig at…please
takthanks (can also have the sense of "please" when used at the end of a request)
mange takthanks very much

The following are some polite ways you can reply to someone who thanks you:

Selv tak or Værsgoyou're welcome
det var så lidtdon't mention it (literally: that was so little)
Slet ikkenot at all

Saying hello and goodbye

Here are some different ways to greet people:

Hej or Hejsahi (informal)
Goddaghello (literally: "good day"; can be used any time from morning until around 5pm)
godmorgengood morning (used until around 10am)
God eftermiddaggood afternoon (used from noon until around 5pm)
godaftengood evening (used from around 5pm)

The following expressions, on the other hand, are some different things you can say when saying goodbye:

hej hejbye (informal)
farvelgoodbye
Take care!
godnatgoodnight
vi ses!see you!
vi ses snart!see you soon!
vi ses senere!see you later!
hav en god dag!have a nice day!
hav en god weekend!have a good weekend!

Getting someone's attention and apologising

undskyld migexcuse me (can be used to get someone's attention, to get past someone, or to apologise)
undskyldSorry

If someone apologises to you, you can reply using one of the following expressions:

Ikke noget problemNo problem
det er okIt's OK
det skal du ikke tænke påDon't worry about it

Making yourself understood

Taler du dansk?Do you speak Danish?
Jeg taler ikke danskI don't speak Danish
Jeg taler ikke meget danskI don't speak much Danish
Jeg taler lidt danskI speak a little Danish
Jeg taler kun meget lidt danskI only speak very little Danish
vær venlig at tale langsommereplease speak more slowly
vær venlig at skrive det nedplease write it down
kunne du gentage det?could you please repeat that?
jeg forstårI understand
jeg forstår ikkeI don't understand

Other basic phrases

det ved jegI know
det ved jeg ikkeI don't know
undskyld mig, hvor er toilettet?excuse me, where's the toilet?

Things you might see

IndgangEntrance
UdgangExit
NødudgangEmergency exit
SkubPush
TrykPull
ToiletterToilets
WCWC
HerrerGentlemen
DamerLadies
FriVacant
OptagetOccupied
I stykkerOut of order
Rygning forbudtNo smoking
PrivatPrivate
Ingen adgangNo entry
sound

Sound is available for all the Danish phrases on this page — simply click on any phrase to hear it.