Basic phrases

Here are some basic Spanish phrases which you can use in everyday conversation, as well as some common words you will see on signs.

yes
nono
tal vezmaybe
por favorplease
graciasthanks
muchas graciasthanks very much

The following are some polite ways you can reply to someone who thanks you:

de nadayou're welcome
no tiene importanciadon't mention it
no pasa nadanot at all

Saying hello and goodbye

Here are some different ways to greet people:

holahello
buenashi (informal)
buenos díasgood morning (used before noon)
buenas tardesgood afternoon, good evening (used from noon until around 8pm)

The following expressions, on the other hand, are some different things you can say when saying goodbye:

adiósgoodbye
buenas nochesgoodnight
¡nos vemos!see you!
¡nos vemos pronto!see you soon!
¡hasta luego!see you later!
¡qué tengas un buen día!have a nice day!
¡qué tengas un buen fin de semana!have a good weekend!

Getting someone's attention and apologising

disculpeexcuse me (can be used to get someone’s attention, to get past someone, or to apologise)
perdónsorry

If someone apologises to you, you can reply using one of the following expressions:

no hay problema or no pasa nadano problem
está bienit's OK
no te preocupesdon't worry about it

Making yourself understood

¿habla usted español?do you speak Spanish?
no hablo españolI don't speak Spanish
no hablo mucho españolI don't speak much Spanish
solo hablo un poquito de españolI only speak very little Spanish
hablo un poco de españolI speak a little Spanish
por favor, hable más despacioplease speak more slowly
por favor, escríbeloplease write it down
¿podría, por favor, repetir eso?could you please repeat that?
comprendo or entiendoI understand
no comprendo or no entiendoI don't understand

Other basic phrases

lo séI know
no lo séI don't know
disculpe, ¿dónde está el baño?excuse me, where's the toilet?
disculpe, ¿dónde está el aseo?excuse me, where's the toilet?

Things you might see

EntradaEntrance
SalidaExit
Salida de emergenciaEmergency exit
EmpujarPush
TirarPull
AseosToilets
WCWC
CaballerosGentlemen
SeñorasLadies
LibreVacant
OcupadoEngaged
Fuera de servicioOut of order
No fumarNo smoking
PrivadoPrivate
No pasarNo entry
sound

Sound is available for all the phrases on this page — simply click on any phrase to hear it.